Hemp gets you healthy,
though it never gets you high
The cannabis plant is native to central Asia. Archeological evidence shows that cannabis was cultivated at least since neolithic time in eastern Asia. It was one of the first domesticated plants because of its utility as a source of fiber, food, and medicine.
The term cannabis is derived from "Kannabis" in greek. Cannabis was referred in various ancient sacred texts: the original Hebrew text of the old testament has a lot of cannabis references as "Kaneh", "Keneh", and "Kanehbosm". In Sanskrit, it was called "Cana", "Shadanaj" in Persian, "Qunnabu" in Assyrian, "Kanak" in Arabic, "Kanbun" in Chaldean, "Kanhcha" in Thailand, and "cân xa" in Laos.
Biological taxonomists have placed all hemp and marijuana in genus cannabis. Cannabis is one of the oldest domesticated crops in the world, and a variety of cannabis has evolved through the pressures of natural selection and selective breeding by humans. As a consequence, on the one hand, there is a tall and oily plant that became what we call today "hemp". And on the other hand, there is a small and bushy plant known as marijuana, consumed mainly for religious and recreational purposes.
Hemp is a tall plant cultivated mainly for its long fiber and seeds from which humans have made textiles, foods, papers, body care products, fuel and building materials for millennia. It has a very low amount of THC(Tetrahydrocannabinol), the psychoactive substance that marijuana contains. Hemp does not contain more than 0,3% of THC. Because of its high industrial values and environmental benefits, more and more countries are promoting hemp cultivation.
Marijuana is shorter and wider than hemp plant. It is recognized for being psychoactive and is cultivated for religious, medical and recreational purposes.
Until the 19th century, everybody used the term cannabis either for hemp or for medicinal cannabis. The word "marijuana" appeared in the early 20th, in order to stigmatize hemp/cannabis with a "foreign-sounding name". The word was codified into law and became part of common American English with the passing of the 1937 Marihuana tax act.
© KONOÏ 2017